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APA Quiz

1.
The Reference section should start on a separate page under the centered heading References, which does not use bold font. The reference entries should appear in alphabetical order by authors’ surname (or by title if works do not list an author) regardless of the type of source (e.g., book, film, journal article, website).

A. True

According to the APA Quick Reference Guide made by The University of North Carolina School of Social work, the heading styles applied to the body of the paper; title page, abstract, references, tables are not considered parts of body of the paper; therefore, headings on those pages are not bold. They also confirm that only the sources cited in the text of your paper are listed in the Reference section. References are listed with authors’ names inverted (i.e., surname precedes initials for first and middle names) and entries are listed alphabetically by first author’s last name. If there are two or more works by the same author(s), those works are arranged by publication date with the oldest work cited first.

2.
Choose the correct reference format for the following source that you retrieved from an online journal: . Social Work and Research, 1995, Vol. 68(2), 127-137 SSN: 1948-CCX DOI:10.1037/swr/127 . Students and the Problem of Entitlement . Jeffrey T. Swan Dennard Q. Rail Mary N. Bushcombe University of Georgia Note: Per APA, journal titles should be set in italics (e.g., Social Work and Research) ; however, the quiz-maker software doesn’t permit italics in the answer options.

A. Swan, J. T., Rail, D. Q., & Bushcombe, M. N. (1995). Students and the problem of entitlement. Social Work and Research, 68(2), 127-137.

B. J. T. Swan, D. Q. Rail, & M. N. Bushcombe. (1995). Students and the problem of entitlement. Social Work and Research, 68(2), 127-137. ISSN: 1948-CCX doi:10.1037/swr/127

C. Bushcombe, M. N., Rail, D. Q., & Swan, J. T. (1995). Students and the problem of entitlement. Social Work Research, 68(2), 127-137. doi:10.1037/swr/127

D. Swan, J. T., Rail, D. Q., & Bushcombe, M. N. (1995). Students and the problem of entitlement. Social Work and Research, 68(2), 127-137. doi:10.1037/swr/127 Answer: D

According to Mc Connel Library the format to citate a online journal with DOI is the following: Author’s last name, Author’s first initial. Author’s middle initial. (Year of publication). Title of article: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume Number(Issue Number), beginning page number-ending page number. doi:doi number. Option A is incomplete; it does not include the DOI for electronic journals. APA style does not include ISSN making option C incorrect. An APA rule in electronic journal citation is to retain the order of authors as listed in the article, even if it’s not alphabetical making option B incorrect. Therefore the only option that complies with all of the APA citation rules is option D.

3.
Which choice shows the correct format for the first use of the Jeffrey T. Swan, Dennard Q. Rail, Mary N. Bushcombe (1995) source with the following sentence: . Thus, students’ misplaced sense of entitlement interferes with classroom teaching and, ultimately, the quality of education and training that students receive.

A.
…training that students receive. (Swan, Rail, & Bushcombe, 1995)

B.
…training that students receive (Swan, Rail, & Bushcombe, 1995).

C.
…training that students receive (Swan, Rail, and Bushcombe, 1995).

D.
…training that students receive (Swan, Rail, & Bushcombe, 1993).

Option A is incorrect because they misplaced the period before the citation, APA format places the punctuation after the parenthetical citation. Option C used the word “and” instead of the symbol “&” not following APA structure. Option D has a lack of accuracy on the publication year data. Therefore, option B is correct because it follows APA rules of citation.

4.
Which choice shows the correct format and APA style for the first use of the Jeffrey T. Swan, Dennard Q. Rail, Mary N. Bushcombe (1995) source in the text of the following sentence: . “… found that students’ sense of entitlement led to complaints that course requirements were too burdensome and often interfered with their social commitments.

A. Jeffrey Swan, Dennard Rail, and Mary Bushcombe found that students’ sense of entitlement led to complaints that course requirements were too burdensome and often interfered with their social commitments (1995).

B. Swan, Rail, & Bushcombe (1995) found that students’ sense of entitlement led to complaints that course requirements were too burdensome and often interfered with their social commitments.

C. Swan, Rail, and Bushcombe (1995) found that students’ sense of entitlement
led to complaints that course requirements were too burdensome and often interfered with their social commitments.

D. Swan, Rail, and Bushcombe (1995) find that students’ sense of entitlement led to complaints that course requirements were too burdensome and often interfered with their social commitments.

According to Northhampton community college, when citing works by two authors: Provide the last names of both authors. Use the word “and” to separate the names in the sentence, and use an & to separate their names in the parenthetical citation.

Ex: As Sullivan and Thomas (1998) point out…

The only option that follows this structure is option C, so this is the correct answer. In option A they included the first name, APA does not include first names unless needed to distinguish authors with identical initials therefore option A is incorrect. Answer B failed to replace the & with the word and. Answer D used the correct citation format but uses present tense find, rather than past tense found, to refer to the published work.

5. Which choice shows the correct format for the second parenthetical citation of the Jeffrey T. Swan, Dennard Q. Rail, Mary N. Bushcombe (1995) source in a later paragraph in paper, using the following sentence: . In addition, the authors suggested that admissions officers should have frank discussions with applicants that clearly outline what the graduate program demands, expects, and requires of students.

A.

…demands, expects, and requires of students (Swan, Rail, & Bushcombe, 1995).

B.

…demands, expects, and requires of students [Swan, Rail, and Buschcombe, 1995].

C.
…demands, expects, and requires of students (Swan, Rail & Bushcombe).

D.
…demands, expects, and requires of students. (Swan et al, 1995)

E.
…demands, expects, and requires of students (Swan et al., 1995).

According to the APA rules when citing works by more than two authors Use the last names of all authors in the first citation. Then, in all following citations, include only the last name of the first author followed by “et al.” Therefore options A, B and C are wrong. Option D uses this structure but is missing the period on “ al. “ instead it has a comma; this should always have a period because it’s the abbreviation of alias. The correct answer is Answer E.

6.
Which choice shows the correct format for the first in-text citation for the following journal article: (Select all that apply) “An Analysis of Qualitative Data on Sibling Relationships in Immigrant Families Obtained From Parent-Child Interviews Conducted as Part of the Latino Health Assessment Project” by J. K. O’Day, G. T. Cahn, B. B. Flores, P. W. Wrap, G. Dayfield, and A. P. Stele Published in 2009 theJournal of Long Titles, Volume 23, Issue 6, pages 1134-1145 DOI:1010/JLT.34 Springerbok Publishers, 145 Deerfield Plaza, Greenwich, Connecticut, 15432.

A.
(O’Day, Chan, Flores, Wrap, Dayfield, & Steel, 2009)

B.
(O’Day, Cahn, Flores, Wrap, Dayfield, and Stele, 2009)

C.
(O’Day et al., 2009)

D.
(O’Day and colleagues 2009)

According to APA, in-text citations for works with 6 or more authors can be shortened to first author plus et al. (abbreviation for “and others) on first use. Option A didn’t shorten the citation and misspelled the names of two authors, also they didn’t use the shortened citation format, Option B used “and” instead of the symbol &. “And” should be spelled out when the authors’ names are used in the sentence but parenthetical citations should use the symbol (&). Option D made inappropriate use of “ and colleagues” Therefore the correct answer is option C.

7.
Which choice shows a correct reference entry for the following journal article? (Select all that apply) “An Analysis of Qualitative Data on Sibling Relationships in Immigrant Families Obtained From Parent-Child Interviews Conducted as Part of the Latino Health Assessment Project”by J. K. O’Day, G. T. Cahn, B. B. Flores, P. W. Wrap, G. Dayfield, and A. P. Stele. Published in 2009 the Journal of Long Titles, Volume 23, Issue 6, pages 1134-1145. DOI:1010/JLT.34 Springerbok Publishers, 145 Deerfield Plaza, Greenwich, Connecticut, 15432. Note: The quiz format does not permit the use of italics in the answers. Therefore, you will have to ignore the APA requirements for italics in reference formats. However, the full format is explained in the additional comments.

A.
O’Day, JK Cahn, GT Flores, BB Wrap, PW Dayfield, G & Stele, AP (2009). An Analysis of Qualitative Data on Sibling Relationships in Immigrant Families Obtained From Parent-Child Interviews Conducted as Part of the Latino Health Assessment Project. Journal of Long Titles, Vol. 23, pp. 1134-45: Springerbok.

B.
O’Day, J. K.,, Cahn, G. T., Flores, B. B., Wrap, P. W., Dayfield, G., & Stele, A. P. (2009).

C.
O’Day, J. K., Cahn, G. T., Flores, B. B., Wrap, P. W., Dayfield, G., & Stele, A. P. (2009). An analysis of qualitative data on sibling relationships in immigrant families obtained from parent-child interviews conducted as part of the Latino Health Assessment Project. Journal of Long Titles, 23, 1134-1145. doi:1010/JLT.34

D. O’Day et al. (2009). An analysis of qualitative data on sibling relationships in immigrant families obtained from parent-child interviews conducted as part of theLatino Health Assessment Project. Journal of Long Titles, 23 (6), 1134-1145. DOI: 1010/jlt.34.

Option A is incorrect because it doesn’t have correct punctuation for authors’ initials and has used headline style caps for the article title. Option B uses the correct format for the author information and year, but is missing elements. Option D has some mistakes such as : DOI should be lowercase. Option C is the correct ; the article title is in correct sentence style caps with Latino Health Assessment Project capped because it is a proper name. APA format omits the issue number for journals that use continuous pagination throughout a volume.

8.
Suppose you have written a paper on the mission of social work, which is based on a section of the Code of Ethics adopted by the National Association of Social Workers (NASW) in 2008. The original section from the NASW website appears below. . “The mission of the social work profession is rooted in a set of core values. These core values, embraced by social workers throughout the profession’s history, are the foundation of social work’s unique purpose and perspective: · service · social justice · dignity and worth of the person · importance of human relationships · integrity · competence.” Which of the statements in your paper would need to include a citation? (Select all that apply) Statement A: The social work profession seeks to ensure the well-being of the most vulnerable among the population. Statement B: The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) has established a Code of Ethics that govern practitioners’ actions in field. Statement C: The Code of Ethics notes that the mission of social work is grounded in six essential values: (a) service, (b) social justice (c) dignity and worth of the person (d) importance of human relationships, (e) integrity, and (f) competence. Statement D: According to the NASW Code of Ethics, the misson of all social workers should be based on a set of core principles, including service to others, ensuring social justice and equality, recognizing and ensuring each person’s value and dignity, working to preserve the essential worth of human relationships, acting in accord with moral soundness and ethical wholeness, and possessing the skills and knowledge to carry out tasks required for practice.

A.
Statement A should include a citation.

B.
Statement B should include a citation.

C.
Statement C should include a citation.

D.
Statement D should include a citation.

E.
All of the above

Statement B, C and D should include citation.

Statement B notes that the Code of Ethics is authored by the NASW, the statement should include a citation that notes the year of the Code that the author has used as a source. Statement C should include a full citation of
author and year for the source of this information (i.e., National Association of Social Workers, 2008). In addition, Statement C is a poor paraphrase of the section from the Code of Ethics; an improved revision would place quote marks around the six values. Statement D is a paraphrase of the section from the Code of Ethics, the basic thoughts and concepts expressed were derived from a source; therefore, the statement should include a citation.

10.
“According to Erickson (1950, as cited in Hodgeworth, 2001) each of an individual’s stages of development (i.e., physical, emotional, or psychological) are related to specific tasks that must be mastered. ” . The citation used in the above sentence is a called a secondary-source citation. In this case, the student was citing a passage from the class text written by Hodgeworth (2001) that described Erik Erickson’s work that was published in 1950. . This type of citation is acceptable under which of the following circumstances? (Select all that apply)

A.
The primary source (e.g., Erickson’s publication) is not available in a language that the student reads.

B.
The primary source is not available from the student’s university library or interlibrary loan or there will be a substantial delay in obtaining the primary source.

C.
The student is too lazy to find the primary source and read the original work.

D.
The only required reading for the course was the textbook; therefore, the instructor has indicated that secondary citations will be allowed.

E. When the student is too busy to read the primary source, but recognizes
that secondary citations are weak supports and indicate a lack of scholarly rigor.

All of the answers are correct but the most acceptable ones are Answer A and B. Secondary sources aren’t as reliable as primary sources, that’s why scholars demand you to investigate your primary source whenever it’s possible.

11.
Identify the APA style issue(s) in the following passage: (Select all that apply) Since most graduate students have completed traditional 4-year college programs, professors in graduate schools assume that all students have mastered the skill of academic writing. While a few students are accomplished writers, the Writing Center has found that across disciplines most graduate students struggle unnecessarily with writing because they are either unaware of the writing support that is available or are reluctant to admit that they might need to improve this important professional skill.

A.
No problem in the passage

B.
Second sentence is a run-on sentence.

C.
Words Since and While are misused

D.
Missing commas in the second sentence

Correct answer is C. According to the APA rules, the words while and since should be used only in their temporal senses. Otherwise, while can be replaced with whereas or although, and since can be replaced with because or given that.

12.
Identify the APA issue(s) in the following passage: (Select all that apply) An innovative approach to breaking the generational cycle of poverty involves creating Individual Development Accounts (IDAs). Individual Development Accounts are a special type of savings account that match the deposit amounts when the funds are withdrawn to make a qualifying purchase such as: (1) purchasing a home as a primary residence, (2) paying for postsecondary education or job training, or (3) creating a retirement saving account.

A.
The abbreviation for IDAs should be used to start the second sentence.

B.
The colon in the second sentence is misused and unnecessary.

C.
The in-line series should use lowercase letters such as (a), (b), (c) rather than numbers.

D. None of the above

13.
The next questions reference the website http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html. (Right click on the link and choose “Open in a new tab” so you can switch from quiz page to the source page). . You plan to cite the online article on low birth weight several times in your paper. What is the correct in-text citation for the first reference? (Select all that apply)

A.
(Low Birth Weight, 2008)

B.
(March of Dimes (MOD), 2010)

C.
(March of Dimes Foundation, 2008)

D.
(March of Dimes Foundation [MOD], 2008)

The correct answer is option D. According to the APA rules when citing an article form an online journal the names of groups that serve as authors (e.g. corporations, associations, government agencies, and study groups) are usually spelled out each time they appear in a text citation. If it will not cause confusion for the reader, names may be abbreviated thereafter: First citation (National Institute of Mental Health [NIMH], 1999).

14.
You decide to quote the March of Dimes’ definition of very low birth weight ” Very low-birth weight babies (those who weigh less than 3 pounds, 5 ounces or 1,500 grams),” which appears under the Premature Birth bullet point. What is the correct in-text citation for this quote, assuming you have already established MOD as the abbreviation for the March of Dimes? http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html

A.
(MOD, 2008, Premature Birth)

B.
(MOD, 2010, Premature birth)

C.
(Mod, 2008, ¶ 4)

D.
(MOD, 2008, para. 4)

E.
(MOD, 2008, line 10)

The correct answer is option D, for electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, such as MOD, we use the paragraph number, if available, preceded by ¶ symbol or abbreviation para. MOD should be capitalized.

15.
What is the correct reference entry for the low birth weight article? . http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html

A.
March of Dimes. 2008. Low birthweight. March of Dimes Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html

B.
March of Dimes Foundation. (2008). Medical resources: Low birthweight. Retrieved from http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html

C.
MOD. (2008). Low birth weight. Retrieved on May 12, 2011, from http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/medicalresources_lowbirthweight.html

D. March of Dimes (MOD). (2008). Medical Resources. Low Birth Weight. Retrieved from http://www.marchofdimes.com/

The correct answer is option B, According to APA a correct online reference follows a specific structure:

This is the only answer that follows this structure.

NOTE:
The source : http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/tribal/qna/liheap.html Is not working making questions 16, 17 , 18 and 19 impossible to answer.

20.
Identify the problem(s) in the sentence below: . The social information processing (SIP) theory holds that a child’s behavior is the result of six overlapping cognitive steps that occur in the following order:(a) encode social cues, (b) mentally representing and interpreting the cues, (c) constructing goals, (d) search for possible responses, (e) making a response decision, (f) enact a behavioral response while monitoring its effect.

A.
The theory name should be capitalized

B.
The colon is misused. It would be better to make a second sentence.

C.
The list of steps lacks parallel structure.

D.
Nothing – the sentence is correct as written.

Answer: B
The list of steps lacks parallel structure. Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions such as “and” or “or.”

21.
Based on the APA style rules, what problem(s) can you identify in the sentence below: . Birch (1998) argues that teens born outside of the U.S.
are more likely to adopt conservative family norms. Select all that apply.

A.
APA mandates use of past tense when referring to published material or prior research.

B.
Sentence uses informal language (i.e., teens). APA requires formal, precise language such as youth or adolescents, which have be defined by an age range.

C.
United States must be spelled out when used as a noun; abbreviation U.S. can be used as an adjective such as U.S. population

D.
Sentence makes half a comparison; study participants were more likely than who to adopt such values?

E.
All of the above

F.
None of the above

Answer: (E) All of the above, APA mandates of past tense when referring to published material or prior research. Sentence uses informal language. APA requires formal. United States must spell out when used as a noun.

22.
The passage below has several problems. Select all that apply. In this study, a sample of 43 urban youth were compared to a similar sample of 44 rural youth. Each of the youth were given a survey to complete and return in a sealed envelope. Follow-up interviews were conducted at either the youth treatment facility or it’s community-based outreach clinic. Each of the interviews were conducted by a master’s-level social work student and audio
recorded for accurate transcription.

A.
Problem with subject-verb number agreement.

B.
First sentence should use compared with rather than compared to

C.
Third sentence has used contraction for it is; needs possessive its

D.
None of the above, The passage has problems, but not those identified in A, B, or C.

Correct answers are option A and B. Instead of writing: Each of the youth were given a survey to complete and return in a sealed envelope . This has a problem with subject-verb number agreement it should be: Each of the youth was given a survey to complete and return in a sealed envelope. And the First sentence should use compared with rather than compared to.

23.
Identify the writing problem(s) in the following paragraph: The U. S. government defines poverty using an income-based threshold created in the early 1960s, which set the poverty level at 3 times the yearly cost of a basic food budget. Except for adjustments for inflation, it has remained unchanged since it was established despite the fact that today’s families spend more on housing, child care, and health care than food. Social service workers spend much of their time trying to help families in need patch together a network of resources to meet their basic needs. Because the level of public assistance has not kept pace with other costs, this means they spend a greater proportion of their income on basic necessities that are not accounted for in the poverty equation. Further, it fails to account for regional differences in costs or receipt of other benefits such as Medicaid and Food Stamps.

A.
The information is poorly organized

B.
The author has failed to cite sources

C.
The author’s meaning is not clear because he or she has used too many pronouns with unclear antecedents

D.
None of the above – the paragraph is correct as written

Option A, B and C are correct, the information is poorly organize and it confuses the reader. The author has failed to cite sources, which makes the information less reliable. And the authors meaning is not clear because he or she has used too many pronouns with unclear antecedents.

24.
On May 1, 2011, you interviewed Dr. Betsy Bledsoe for your paper on evidence-based practice. You decide to incoporate Dr. Bledsoe’s information in your paper as a paraphrase or by using the following direct quote : “…to achieve wider use of evidence-based practice in local agencies, schools of social work need to provide ongoing support to help agency staff translate research into practice.” Which of the following shows the correct format for citing your interview?

A.
“Schools of social work need to provide ongoing support to help agency staff translate research into practice”(add your surname as the person who conducted the interview, May 2011).

B.
Currently, wider use of evidence-based practice in community agencies is
challenged by a lack of resources and support to help staff understand the research implications and apply the findings to work with their specific population (personal communication, B. Bledsoe, May 1, 2011).

C.
Currently, wider use of evidence-based practice in community agencies is challenged by a lack of resources and support to help staff understand the research implications and apply the findings to work with their specific population (S. E. Bledsoe, personal communication, May 1, 2001).

D.
Bledsoe said, “to achieve wider use of evidence-based practice in local agencies, schools of social work need to provide ongoing support to help agency staff translate research into practice” (B. Bledsoe, interview, May 1, 2011)

E. Bledsoe said, “to achieve wider use of evidence-based practice in local agencies, schools of social work need to provide ongoing support to help agency staff translate research into practice.”

The correct answer is option C because it follows APA structure when citing an interview. No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator’s name, the phrase “personal communication,” and the date of the communication in your main text only.

25.
You are using material from a newspaper article. The article does not list an author, but the title is “Budget Cuts Go Beyond the Bone,” which was published on page 23 of The Independent, April 28, 2011. Which is the correct in-text citation for this source?

A.
…reducing services to a lottery that will turn away many of those in need of basic services (not a quote; no citation needed for a paraphrase).

B.
…reducing services to a lottery that will turn away many of those in need of basic services (Independent, 2011, p. 23).

C.
…reducing services to a lottery that will turn away many of those in need of basic services (“Budget Cuts, 2011).

D….reducing services to a lottery that will turn away many of those in need of basic services (Anonymous, 2001, p. 23).

26.
In which sentence(s) has the quotation been integrated most successfully?

A.
Keay (2004) explained that Gen Xers are likely to develop a new management style. “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p.102).

B.
Keay (2004) explained that a new kind of management style will emerge from Gen Xers. They have “rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p.102).

C.
Keay (2004) explained that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style because of their attitudes toward traditional work routines and being managed: “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p.102).

D . Different management styles have emerged as social changes have taken hold. For example, [Gen Xers] “rebelled against standard business hours and
micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (Keaveney, 2004, p.102).

You should always use quotes for supporting information the only text that did this was option C, they gave the use of quotes a meaning unlike others.

27.
Your source on young entrepreneurs gives statistics on increasing rates of business ownership among those 18 to 34 years old. The source states, “This trend may dilute corporate pools of promotable junior managers but provide a needed infrastructure for corporate outsourcing” (Keaveney, 2004, p. 102-103). Which of the following is an acceptable paraphrase?

A.
Increasingly, young adults (i.e., 18 to 34 years old) are establishing their own businesses rather than working their way up the corporate ladder. This increased rate of entrepreneurship has two implications for corporate America: (a) corporations will have a less-rich resource in-house from which to develop managers, and (b) corporations may need to look to subcontracting some work to these entrepreneurs.

B.
A neccessary infrastructure for corporate outsourcing has been established even though the trend of young adults owning their own businesses is weakening the availability of junior managers, who are potential executives (Keaveney, 2004).

C.
Companies will not be able to find enough people to hire with junior management skills, so they will have to subcontract much of the work instead (Keaveney, 2004)

D.
An ever-growing number of young adults (i.e., those 18 to 34 years old) have chosen to create their own businesses rather than tie their lives to the
corporate ladder. This increased entrepreneurship has two implications for corporate America: (a) corporations will have fewer highly skilled and talented mid-level employees from which they can select executives, and (b) corporations will need to overcome this “brain drain” by subcontracting with these entrepreneurs for their services (Keaveney, 2004).

E. The current fashion of members of the younger generation owning their own businesses might water down the numbers of available potential low-ranking administrators; however, it might also supply a necessary means at a basic level for business to subcontract (Keaveney, 2004).

The correct answer is option D, because they paraphrase the authors ideas and gave credit to him, unlike option A that committed plagiarism.

28.
Writing support for on-campus students attending the School of Social Work can be found from which of the following sources?

A.
The Writing Resources page on the School’s website, under the Current Students tab

B.
The APA Quick Reference Guide that can be downloaded from the Writing Resources page

C.
The School’s Writing Support Team

D.
The UNC Writing Center

E.
All of the above

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